热点词汇 Words and Current China

Short-selling 卖空
In finance, short selling or "shorting" is a way to profit from the decline in price of a security, such as a stock or a bond, in contrast to the ordinary investment practice, where an investor "goes long," purchasing a security in the hope the price will rise.
The term "short selling" or "being short" is often also used as a blanket term for all those strategies which allow an investor to gain from the decline in price of a security. Those strategies include buying options known as puts. A put option consists of the right to sell an asset at a given price; thus the owner of the option benefits when the market price of the asset falls. Similarly, a short position in a futures contract, or to be short a futures contract, means the holder of the position has the obligation to sell the underlying asset at a later date.
卖空是投资者预料证券价格会下跌,因此向经纪人交付保证金,并借入证券卖出。待证券价格下跌至某一价位时再买进,然后归还借入的证券,从中获取差额收益。
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